There are a few types of grass in Texas, the most common being Bermuda and St. Augustine. Each of these warm season grasses require slightly different treatment patterns as well as different lawn care. It is important to understand which type of growing conditions you have in your area so that you can select the right type of grass for your landscape. It is also important to understand which grass you have so you can care for it correctly.
St. Augustine Grass:
St. Augustine is a dark green grass with broad, flat blades. It spreads by above ground stolons, commonly known as “runners”, and forms a dense layer. This grass is common in Texas and offers a variety of benefits to home owners especially in areas with partial and full shade. It does not produce any rhizomes and the stolons can grow to be several feet long and root at the nodes. St. Augustine is a warm season grass and it is mainly found in the southern United States.
Watering Instructions for St. Augustine:
When watering your St. Augustine grass be sure to set sprayer zones for 30 minutes, and rotor zones for 45 minutes. These settings should yield about ½ inch to ¾ on a inch of water, per watering cycle, which is ideal for St. Augustine. For an already well maintained lawn two to three times per week is ideal. During the hot summer months you should never go more than 3 days without watering your St. Augustine Grass. Weakened lawns need even more water than that.
The runners seen in Bermuda grass are the most commonly recognized feature of Bermuda grass. Bermuda is an invasive grass and for that it is great for repairing bare and thin spots. Bermuda is one of the very few grasses that self repairs. Bermuda grass is a perennial grass, it has a very rich green tone, it can grow well hot temperatures and it is extremely drought resistant. Bermuda grass reproduces by seeds or stems and can go dormant within a week of cooler temperatures. Bermuda grass is not shade tolerant whatsoever and therefore should only be planted in sunny areas.
Watering Instructions for Bermuda:
When watering your Bermuda grass be sure to set sprayer zones for 35 minutes, and rotor zones for 50 minutes and this should produce about a ¾ inch to 1 inch of water per watering. A sprinkler system with proper pressure and reach should be able to get the job done in the time listed above. For an already well maintained lawn three times a weeks should do the job properly. During the hot summer months you should never go more than 2 days without watering your Bermuda Grass. Weakened lawns need even more water than that. Hand watering weak spots may be called for if your area has watering restrictions.
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